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Behavioral | Mental Health

Dementia

What is dementia?
Dementia is a loss of brain function that may occur with injury or certain diseases, such as Parkinsons Disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Huntingtons Disease, and vascular dementia, a type of dementia arising from many small strokes. Dementia affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior, and most types of dementia are nonreversible.

What are the symptoms?
Symptoms of early dementia can include:
  • language problems, such as trouble finding the name of familiar objects
  • misplacing items
  • getting lost on familiar routes
  • personality changes and loss of social skills
  • loss of interest in things one previously enjoyed
  • difficulty performing focused tasks that used to come easily, such as balancing a checkbook, playing games (such as bridge), and learning new information or routines.
As the dementia becomes worse, symptoms are more obvious and interfere with the ability to take care of oneself. The symptoms may include forgetting details about current events, losing awareness of who you are and your own life history, poor judgment and loss of ability to recognize danger, speaking in confusing sentences and having trouble with appropriate word choices, withdrawing from social contact, difficulty with reading or writing, hallucinations, arguments, violent behavior, and difficulty performing tasks of daily living, such as eating, dressing, etc.


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