AFIB Care Plan
Atrial fibrillation (A-Fib) can develop in an individual for a variety of reasons and may affect patients differently. Risk factors include:
- Age – The risk of developing A-Fib increases with age.
- Heart disease – People with heart disease, including heart valve conditions, heart attack and heart surgery, have an increased risk of A-Fib.
- High blood pressure – Having high blood pressure increases A-Fib risk. The risk is even higher if blood pressure is not well-controlled through lifestyle changes (diet, exercise) or medication.
- Thyroid disease – Having thyroid disease increases risk for developing A-Fib.
- Sleep apnea
- Alcohol use
- Family history of A-Fib
Patients experience symptoms differently; many with A-Fib do not notice any symptoms, and others notice symptoms as soon as they occur. Symptoms can vary depending on age, the cause of the A-Fib and how much the pumping efficiency of the heart muscle is affected. Some of the symptoms may include:
- Irregular or rapid pulse
- Shortness of breath
- Racing or pounding heart, or fluttering in the chest
- Difficulty performing everyday activities
- Pain, pressure or tightness in the chest
- Urinating more frequently
Initial treatment for many patients can include medication to prevent strokes and reduce symptoms. Treatment may also include an electrophysiology study and a type of heart catheter ablation known as a Pulmonary Vein Isolation (PVI) procedure.
Summa’s A-FIb program is tailored to recognize and meet the individual needs of each patient through the use of a multidisciplinary team approach whose goal is to develop a personalized treatment strategy to effectively manage this condition.
For more information on a personalized A-Fib care plan, contact our heart care specialists at (800) 237-8662.