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AFIB Care Plan

Atrial fibrillation (A-Fib) can develop in an individual for a variety of reasons and may affect patients differently. Risk factors include:

  • Age – The risk of developing A-Fib increases with age.
  • Heart disease – People with heart disease, including heart valve conditions, heart attack and heart surgery, have an increased risk of A-Fib.
  • High blood pressure – Having high blood pressure increases A-Fib risk. The risk is even higher if blood pressure is not well-controlled through lifestyle changes (diet, exercise) or medication.
  • Thyroid disease – Having thyroid disease increases risk for developing A-Fib.
  • Sleep apnea
  • Alcohol use
  • Family history of A-Fib


Patients experience symptoms differently; many with A-Fib do not notice any symptoms, and others notice symptoms as soon as they occur. Symptoms can vary depending on age, the cause of the A-Fib and how much the pumping efficiency of the heart muscle is affected. Some of the symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Irregular or rapid pulse
  • Shortness of breath
  • Racing or pounding heart, or fluttering in the chest
  • Difficulty performing everyday activities
  • Pain, pressure or tightness in the chest
  • Urinating more frequently

Initial treatment for many patients can include medication to prevent strokes and reduce symptoms. Treatment may also include an electrophysiology study and a type of heart catheter ablation known as a Pulmonary Vein Isolation (PVI) procedure.

Summa’s A-FIb program is tailored to recognize and meet the individual needs of each patient through the use of a multidisciplinary team approach whose goal is to develop a personalized treatment strategy to effectively manage this condition.

For more information on a personalized A-Fib care plan, contact our heart care specialists at (800) 237-8662.