Concussion Management Program
All concussions are serious regardless of the cause whether as a result of community
sports, interscholastic sports or physical education classes at school. Although
80% to 90% of concussions resolve in 7 to 10 days, the symptoms may last far longer.
And in the case of children or adolescents, recovery time can be longer than the
recovery time for an adult. If there is a history of concussion there is at greater
risk for having another head injury, and a risk for suffering a second concussion
10 days after the initial injury.
That is why it is so important to contact a Summa sports health care professional
or emergency department as soon as possible if a bump, blow, or jolt to the head
or body has occurred, particularly if there are any signs or symptoms of concussion.
Concussion may present itself in many ways through a variety signs and symptoms;
any of the following may indicate a concussion is present:
- Balance problems
- Visual problems (double/blurred)
- Loss of consciousness (< 10% of cases)
- Sensitivity to light
- Sensitivity to noise
- Feeling dazed/stunned
- Numbness/tingling sensation
- Feeling mentally foggy
- Feeling slowed down
- Difficulty concentrating
- Difficulty remembering
- Forgetting recent information
- Forgetting recent conversations
- Confusion regarding events
- Answering questions slowly
- Repeating questions
- More emotional than normal
- Sleeping more than usual
- Sleeping less than usual
- Difficulty falling asleep
It is imperative if a concussion is suspected that medical treatment is administered
as soon as possible to prevent further damage or injury to the head, brain or nervous
system. A few after effects of concussion can include learning problems; concentration
issues such as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity
Disorder (ADHD); an increased incidence of depression and frequent headaches.
In some cases, post-concussion syndrome may develop. A few signs
that a concussion patient may have post-concussion syndrome may include:
- Persistent headaches
- Loss of memory/concentration
- Noise & light sensitivity lasting weeks/months
Second Impact Syndrome. This may occur following a second head
injury in a patient who has not fully recovered from a previous head injury. The
final result can be brain damage and sometimes death.
When is a concussion an emergency?
Some signs that may indicate a concussion is a more urgent situation and professional
treatment is needed immediately, may include:
- Athlete complains of neck pain
- Increasing focusing/rituality
- Vomiting more than twice
- Seizure-like movements or convulsions
- Weakness tingling or buidng in the arms or legs
- Deteriorating consciousness or a loss of consciousness
- Severe or worsening headache
- Unusual behavior changes
- Double vision; unequal pupil size
NOTE: If any of these signs are observed, call 911 immediately and have the
concussion patient transferred to an emergency room.
For more information on concussion or to schedule an appointment with a Summa sports
health professional for post-concussion treatment, please call (888) 778-6627.