An Institutional Review Board (IRB)
reviews proposed human subjects research with the goal of protecting the rights
and welfare of the subjects. The review involves ensuring that risks are
minimized and that potential benefits to subjects have been maximized. IRB’s help ensure that federal, state, and
local regulations are complied with for the protection and welfare of subjects,
investigators, and the institution. The IRB also ensures, when required, that
human subjects only volunteer to participate in research after providing legally
effective informed consent.