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Urologic Cancers

Urologic cancers are growths of abnormal cells that form in the organs of the urinary tract in both males and females (mainly bladder and kidneys), and in the testicles, prostate and penis of the male reproductive system. Since each type of urologic cancer is unique, with different signs, symptoms, risk factors and prevention strategies, the healthcare professionals at Summa Health Cancer Institute combine the latest technology with a comprehensive course of cancer treatment options.

Most of the time, symptoms don’t occur until the cancer has become more advanced. Then, they depend on the type of cancer. However, some things to watch for include:

  • Trouble with urination 
  • Weak urine stream or interruption of stream
  • Pelvic discomfort
  • Bone pain
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Painful urination or ejaculation
  • Blood in the urine
  • Blood in the semen

More often, these cancers are detected during a routine physical exam of the abdomen or genitals. 

Preventive Screenings

The most common cancer in males is prostate cancer. If you are greater-than-average risk should discuss with your doctor the potential risks and benefits of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening, starting at age 40. High risk includes males who have a father, son or brother with a history of prostate cancer, who are of African-American heritage or are experiencing symptoms. Males at average risk should discuss whether or not a PSA screening is right for them beginning at age 55.


Treatment for urologic cancer depends on several factors, such as the tumor’s grade and stage and the patient’s preference. Common options include surgery, chemotherapy, immunotherapy and radiation therapy

Since prostate cancer often occurs in older men, doctors may recommend an “active surveillance” or a “watchful waiting” strategy, in which they regularly monitor the patient and provide treatment only if the cancer progresses. This strategy helps to preserve the quality of life.

At Summa Health, we offer the latest treatments for urologic cancers, with a full range of services tailored for you and your unique needs.

Related Resources

Kidney Cancer

A type of cancer that starts in the kidney. 

Prostate Cancer

The second-leading cause of cancer death for men in the United States. 

Adrenal Cancer

A rare cancer that begins in the small, triangular glands (adrenal glands) located on top of your kidneys. 

Bladder Cancer

A type of cancer that begins in your bladder — a balloon-shaped organ in your pelvic area that stores urine.

Penile Cancer

Penile cancer starts in or on the penis. 

Urethral Cancer

Urethral cancer is the rarest of all urologic cancers and it's more common in men than women.

Testicular Cancer

The most common cancer in American males between the ages of 15 and 35.

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Our physicians specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of Urologic Cancers.


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