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Vascular Disease

There are 100,000 miles of blood vessels in the adult human body – arteries carry oxygen-rich blood away from the heart, while veins return oxygen-poor blood back to the heart. Vascular disease includes any condition that affects this system, some of which are highly treatable (often without surgery) while others can cause severe disability and even death.

Causes of Vascular Disease

The cause of a vascular disease depends on the specific disease. While sometimes the cause is unknown, it oftentimes includes:

  • Genetics
  • Heart diseases such as high cholesterol and high blood pressure
  • Infection
  • Injury
  • Medicines, including hormones

Vascular Disease Risk Factors

Risk factors for vascular diseases can also vary depending on the specific disease. But some of the more common risk factors include:

  • Age (risks increase as you age)
  • Diabetes or high cholesterol
  • Family history
  • Infection or injury
  • Lack of exercise
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Sitting or standing for long periods
  • Smoking

Common Vascular Conditions

Three vascular diseases – heart attacks, strokes and peripheral arterial disease – are among the main causes of illness and death in the U.S.. Summa Health vascular surgeons treat these and other vascular conditions, such as:

  • Aortic aneurysm
  • Arterial embolism
  • Arterial insufficiency
  • Arteriovenous fistula
  • Arteriovenous malformations
  • Atheroembolic renal disease (AERD) Atherosclerosis
  • Blood clots
  • Carotid artery disease
  • Critical limb ischemia (CLI)
  • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
  • Hepatic ischemia
  • Lymphedema
  • Mesenteric artery ischemia
  • Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Raynaud’s phenomenon
  • Renal artery disease
  • Stroke
  • Thrombophlebitis
  • Transient ischemia attacks (TIAs)
  • Stasis dermatitis and ulcers
  • Varicose veins
  • Venous insufficiency

If you have concerns about vascular disease, take the Summa Health Vascular Disease Risk Assessment. Then talk to your primary care physician about referring you to a Summa Health vascular surgeon.

Discover possible treatment options.


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If your situation is an emergency, call 911.