A bunion is a symptom of a progressive bone disorder. It appears as a bony bump on the joint at the base of your big toe. More common in women than men, a bunion forms when your big toe pushes against a neighboring toe. This alignment forces your big toe’s joint to enlarge and protrude.
While bunions most commonly affect the inner foot at the base of the big toe, they also can affect the outside of the foot at the base of the little toe. This is sometimes referred to as a bunionette or tailor's bunion.
Signs and symptoms of a bunion include:
Wearing high heels or tight, narrow shoes that crowd you toes may cause bunions or make them worse. Bunions also can develop as a result of:
The treatment of bunions depends on their severity. Common treatment may include rest, icing, new footwear, foot supports and/or pain medication.
While most bunions don’t require medical treatment, make an appointment with a Summa orthopedic specialist if you experience:
Your doctor may recommend medications, steroid injections, and/or surgery.