Two of the most common bone and joint injuries are dislocations and fractures.
A dislocation occurs when two bones slip out of place at the joint that connects them. It’s usually caused by a sudden impact from a blow, fall or other trauma. You can dislocate almost any joint in your body— your ankles, knees, shoulders, hips, elbows or jaw. You can even dislocate your finger and toe joints.
When more pressure is put on a bone than it can stand, the bone may split or break. A break of any size is referred to as a fracture. It can result from a fall, trauma, accident, direct blow or repetitive stress, as well as numerous medical conditions that weaken bones.
Factors that increase your risk of fracture are:
Moving a fractured or dislocated bone may cause further damage, so get it treated as soon as possible by a trauma specialist.
Dislocation treatment depends on which joint you dislocate and the severity of the injury. It may include manipulations to reposition the bones, medicine, a splint or sling, and/or rehabilitation. When properly repositioned, a joint will usually function normally again within a few weeks.
A plaster or fiberglass cast is the most common type of fracture treatment, although splints, braces and surgery may be applied depending on severity and location. Most broken bones can heal successfully once they’ve been repositioned and held in place while they heal.
Summa Health orthopedic specialists have experience caring for both common and severe dislocations and fractures. Consult with one for diagnosis and treatment.